The Indonesian government highlighted achievement on climate actions with the aim of ensuring that its Forest and land Uses (FOLU) Net Sink 2030 targets remain on track, at the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP) 28 in Dubai, officially concluded on December 12, 2023.
Minister of Environment and Forestry, Siti Nurbaya, optimists that the outcomes of these climate actions will empower Indonesia to assert control and assume a pivotal role in achieving the goal of the zero-emission reductions by 2030 and increasing NZE by 2060 or even earlier.
This year, Indonesia showcased its leadership in climate change control, attributing a mere 16 percent of the total forest and land fires to peatland fires while successfully preventing cross-border haze.
Concrete Action for the Global Stocktake
At the same time, the Director-General of Climate Change Control (Dirjen) at the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF), Laksmi Dhewanthi, conveyed Indonesia's response, particularly regarding the Global Stocktake (GST).
The Global Stocktake is an evaluation document of the world's progress in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Unlike previous COP sessions, the Global Stocktake was a new agenda item at COP28.
Indonesia underscored the importance of all parties taking specific and concrete steps to actualize the agreement outlined in the Global Stocktake (GST) document. This agreement is pivotal in ensuring that Earth's temperature remains below 1.5 degrees Celsius.
COP28 in Dubai also addressed Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, which regulates international cooperation to assist each member country in controlling climate change.
Concerning investments in addressing climate change, Indonesia supports the leadership of developed countries in the mobilization of climate financing from various sources. Indonesia also continues to promote global efforts in climate-related funding.
Indonesia Emphasizes that every country or stakeholder must actively participate and contribute to collaborative efforts in achieving a shared objective.
Climate Change and Water Resources
During a panel discussion at the Indonesian Pavilion, the Head of Indonesian Agency for Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics (BMKG) Dwikorita Karnawati stated that climate change has intensified the strain on water resources, leaving global food production regions susceptible to disruptions.
Dwikorita underlined the impact of extreme weather and climate-related disasters that are most felt by people in developing and island countries. Hence, capacity building initiatives are crucial, particularly in the areas of science and technology, finance, and governance.
She expressed hope that 10th World Water Forum in Bali, taking place in 2024, would help to bridge the capacity gaps between nations and generate tangible solutions to mitigate the threat of climate change on water resources.